What does Controlled Medication Mean?
There are certain medications that have a Controlled or Scheduled status. This means there are stricter rules around filling and keeping track of these medications. Medications become controlled if drugs are known to have some chance to be addictive and abused.
There are 5 levels, each with increasing strictness on filling and storage rules. Controlled medications are categorized by how likely it is to become mentally and physically dependent on the drug.
Schedule V (C5): medications in this category have the smallest chance to be addictive and abused. Medications in this category include Lyrica (pregabalin) and Robitussin (dextromethorphan)
Schedule IV (C4): these medications have a low chance to be addictive and abused. This category includes Xanax (alprazolam), tramadol, Ambien (zolpidem), and Valium (diazepam).
Schedule III (C3): these medications have a moderate to low chance to be addictive and abused. Includes Tylenol #3, testosterone, and ketamine.
Schedule II (C2): these medications have a high chance to be addictive and abused. Most opioids, including any hydrocodone or oxycodone containing medications, fall under this category.
Schedule I (C1): medications in this category have the highest chance to be addictive and abused. These medications also have no medical use in treating diseases or conditions. LSD, ecstasy, and heroin fall in this category. Despite being legalized in several states, marijuana still falls under this category as well.
Prescriptions for C2 medications must have the following information before a pharmacy can begin filling it:
- Patient’s full name, date of birth, and address.
- Medication’s name, strength, form, quantity, and directions.
- Prescriber’s name, address, DEA number, and (if the prescription is written on paper) signature written in ink on the date the prescription was given.
If any of the above information is missing, the pharmacy will not be able to fill the prescription. The pharmacist cannot add or change any missing or incorrect information. Only a physician can change or add information.